Glossary of terminology

How many of the ingredients on energy drinks do you know? And do you know what they are?

The aim of this glossary is to help you identify the ingredients in the energy drinks.

What is Caffeine

Caffeine is a metabolic stimulant which affects the central nervous system.  It is used both recreationally and medically to reduce physical fatigue and to restore alertness when drowsiness occurs.

What is Carbonated Water

Carbonated water is water into which carbon dioxide gas under pressure has been dissolved. This process, known as carbonation, causes the water to become fizzy.

What is Citric Acid

Citric acid is a natural preservative which is used to add an acidic or sour taste to foods and drinks.

What is Glucose

Glucose is a simple sweetener found in plants.  It is absorbed directly into the bloodstream during digestion.

What is Guarana

Guarana is a plant-based stimulant used in sweetened or carbonated soft drinks.  Its seeds contain about twice the concentration of caffeine found in coffee beans.

What is Inositol

Inositol is a chemical compound and a carbohydrate.  It adds a sugary taste to drinks but is not classified as sweet as sucrose.

What is Potassium sorbate (E202)

Potassium sorbate (E202) is used to inhibit molds and yeasts in soft drinks so that shelf-life is increased.

What is Sodium benzoate (E211)

Sodium benzoate (E211) is a preservative and is widely used in carbonated drinks.

What is Sodium citrate

Sodium citrate is a food additive but can also be used as an acidity regulator in soft drinks.

What is Sucrose

Sucrose is the organic compound commonly known as table sugar. A white, odorless, crystalline powder with a sweet taste, it is best known for its role in food.

What is Taurine

Taurine is an organic acid and a major component of bile.  It accounts for 0.1% of the total human body.  It is named after the Latin taurus which means bull or ox, as it was first isolated from ox bile in 1827..

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